Cell volume regulation



Publisher: Karger in Basel, New York

Written in English
Cover of: Cell volume regulation |
Published: Pages: 263 Downloads: 627
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Subjects:

  • Osmoregulation.,
  • Cell Size -- physiology.,
  • Ion Channels -- physiology.,
  • Signal Transduction -- physiology.,
  • Ion Transport -- physiology.

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and indexes.

Statementvolume editor, F. Lang.
SeriesContributions to nephrology ;, vol. 123, Contributions to nephrology ;, v. 123.
ContributionsLang, Florian.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQP90.6 .C43 1998
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 263 p. :
Number of Pages263
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL376551M
ISBN 103805567375
LC Control Number98038490

Table of Contents for Mechanisms and significance of cell volume regulation / volume editor, Florian Lang, available from the Library of Congress. Table of contents for Mechanisms and significance of cell volume regulation / volume editor, Florian Lang. Contents may have variations from the printed book or be incomplete or contain other coding. Read chapter 4 Current Regulation of Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: Since , the volume of research being conducted using human embryonic stem (hE.   To connect cell mechanical tension with cell size homeostasis, we quantified the nuclear localization of YAP/TAZ, a transcription factor involved in cell growth and proliferation. We find that the level of nuclear YAP/TAZ is positively correlated with the average cell volume. By J. Arreola, T. Begenisich, K. Nehrke, et al., Published on 11/15/ Title. Secretion and cell volume regulation by salivary acinar cells from mice lacking expression of the Clcn3 Cl- Cited by:

The ability to regulate cell volume in the face of osmotic challenge is one of the most fundamental of cellular homeostatic mechanisms. "Cellular and Molecular Physiology of Cell Volume Regulation" is an integrated collection of articles describing key aspects of cell volume control. The paradigm for cell-cycle regulation through activation and inactivation of CDKs applies to all eukaryotes. However, differences do exist: certain control elements, such as the CDK inhibitory proteins (CKIs), show little resemblance between yeast and mammals. A woman weighing 60 kg is given 10 mg of T dye (Evans blue) intravenously. Ten minutes later, a blood sample is obtained from another vein, and colorimetric analysis of the plasma shows the presence of mg of T per ml of plasma/5. Abstract At some stage cell proliferation requires an increase in cell volume and a typical hallmark of apoptotic cell death is cell shrinkage. The respective alterations of cell volume are accomplished by altered regulation of ion transport including ion channels.

  The cause of cancer and its many manifestations is at present unknown. Since many of its manifestations, including is control of cell division, appear to represent abnormal patterns of gene expression, studies of the regulation of gene expression nwill provide important insights in the understanding and treatment of : Gerald M. Kolodny. Calcium and Cell Function, Volume III covers the many aspects of research on calcium, dealing with its biochemistry, biology, and pharmacology in animals as well as in plants. The book discusses a novel cellular signaling system based on the integ.   The blood volume is about 5 litres of which about 3 litres are plasma and about 2 litres red blood cells. The red blood cell volume (haematocrit) is about 43% and the relationship between plasma and blood volume and haematocrit is Blood Volume = Plasma Volume /( - Ht). Most of the blood is usually in the veins (70%). The human ubiquitin proteasome system (UPS) is comprised of nearly proteins. Although originally identified as a mechanism of protein destruction, the UPS has numerous additional functions and mediates central signaling events in myriad processes involved in both cellular and organismal health and homeostasis. Numerous pathways within the UPS are implicated in Author: Matthew Summers.

Cell volume regulation Download PDF EPUB FB2

This volume presents a unique compilation of reviews on cell volume regulation in health and disease, with contributions from leading experts in the field.

In this section, we examine two types of transport phenomena that, at first glance, may seem unrelated: the regulation of cell volume in both plant and animal cells, and the bulk flow of water (the movement of water containing dissolved solutes) across one or more layers of cells.

In humans, for example, water moves from the blood filtrate that will form urine across a layer of Cited by: 1. Cell volume is a major determinant of the timing of cell division in unicellular algae like Chlamydomonas (Craigie & Cavalier-Smith, ).The algae grow to a critical volume of μm 3, which seems to be the factor that triggers cell mammalian cells, cell volume changes during the different phases of the cell cycle.

Search in this book series. Cell Volume Regulation. Edited by Irena Levitane, Eric Delpire, Hector Rasgado-Flores. Vol Pages () Chapter One - Water Homeostasis and Cell Volume Maintenance and Regulation. Eric Delpire, Kenneth B. Gagnon. Pages 3. 1) General principles in cell volume regulation; 2) Volume regulation in ehrlich cells; 3) Cell volume regulation in epithelia --with emphasis on the role of osmolytes and the cytoskeleton; 4) Volume regulation of frog skin epithelium; 5) Volume regulation in elasmobranch red blood cells; 6) Cell osmoregulation in the countercurrent system of.

If a cell which has partially recovered towards its normal cell volume is suddenly returned to a situation of normal ECF tonicity, then the reverse effect occurs eg a swollen cell which has lost solute and decreased its cell volume will shrink markedly if.

Fluid Physiology Regulation of Cell Volume. Previous | Index | Next. Most cell membranes are freely permeable to water. As most cell membranes are freely permeable to water and do not possess water pumps in their membranes, cells will shrink or swell in.

The ability to Cell volume regulation book cell volume in Cell volume regulation book face of osmotic challenge is one of the most fundamental of cellular homeostatic mechanisms. Cellular and Molecular Physiology of Cell Volume Regulation is an integrated collection of articles describing key aspects of cell volume control.

The book. The present book is a collection of reviews on various aspects of cell volume regulation, written by the respective internationally leading experts. It updates our. It is now accepted, of course, that this classic explanation for cell volume regulation is incomplete.

To fully account for cell volume regulation, one needs to consider the full panoply of ion channels and transporters, their voltage dependence, and their complex interaction in a quantitative model that is appropriate for the cells of by: 5.

Cell Death Regulation in Health and Disease - Part B, Volumethe latest release in the International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology, reviews and details current advances in cell and molecular rs in this updated release include Regulation of cell death signaling in insects, Bcl-2 family proteins, Cell death signaling in prokaryotes, Parthanatos in,Pages: Volume-regulated anion channels (VRACs) are crucial to the regulation of cell size by transporting chloride ions and various organic osmolytes, such as taurine or glutamate, across the plasma membrane, and that is not the only function these channels have been linked to.

Some research has also suggested that VRACs may be water-permeable as well. Regulation of Fluid Volume and Composition. Anatomy and Physiology Regulation of Fluid Volume and Composition. Aldosterone stimulates the uptake of Na + on the apical cell membrane of cells in the DCT and collecting ducts, The OpenStax name, OpenStax logo, OpenStax book covers, OpenStax CNX name, and OpenStax CNX logo are not.

Start studying Nursing Concept: Cellular Regulation. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. most commonly caused by cancer/small cell lung cancer hyper stimulation of ADH secretion -low urine output and volume. Pernicious anemia. is the most common type of megaloblastic anemia, is caused by.

Abstract. Living cells may experience volume changes as a result of osmosis. This chapter is devoted to the study of a recent model that describes the basic aspects of the dynamics of cell volume produced by active and passive transport of water and Author: Pedro J.

Torres. It is able to report Total Blood Volume (TBV), Plasma Volume (PV) and Red Cell Volume (RCV) using the indicator dilution principle, microhematocrit centrifugation and the Ideal Height and Weight Method. The indicator or tracer, is an I albumin injection. An equal amount of the tracer is injected into a known and unknown volume.

This thousand page-plus work provides a comprehensive, but easy to follow review of molecular cell biology. Illustrations are excellent.

The book starts with the basics of molecular biology - proteins, nucleic acids, genetic code, etc. It then considers nuclear functions in detail -replication, transcription and gene regulation in development.5/5(2). The first step in maintaining homeostasis involves sensing any changes in the environment and in the internal physiological condition.

All cells are able to sense changes in cytoplasmic volume. Increased cell volume can be countered through the transport of solutes out of the cell. The movement of solutes drives osmotic water movement and thus cell volume reduction.

Proper regulation of cell death is essential for human development and cell function. Unlike apoptosis, necrosis is a more inflammatory form of cell death that might contribute to anti-viral immunity. Indeed, necrotic cell injury is distinguished from apoptosis by extensive organelle and cell swelling and plasma membrane rupture.

Actin Cytoskeleton in Cancer Progression and Metastasis (Part B), Volume in the International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology series, provides an overview on the roles of the actin cytoskeleton and its key structural regulators, including WASp, Paxillin, Myosin, Testin, L-Plastin and profilin, and in central processes underlying cancer progression and metastasis.

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The book covers much of the same ground as Dehaene’s The Number Sense () and my The Mathematical Brain (). Like these earlier books, it is aimed at the general reader and covers the developmental, anthropological, cognitive, neural and especially evolutionary roots of mathematical abilities but with a particular focus on numbers.

shape and volume are central themes in cell biology and physiology. Though it is less well recognized, cell sur-face area regulation also constitutes a distinct task for cells. Maintaining an appropriate surface area is no au-tomatic side effect of volume regulation or shape change.

The issue of surface area regulation (SAR) would beFile Size: 1MB. Abstract. In recent years, it has become evident that the volume of a given cell is an important factor not only in defining its intracellular osmolality and its shape, but also in defining other cellular functions, such as transepithelial transport, cell migration, cell growth, cell death, and the regulation of intracellular by: Cell tension and mechanical regulation of cell volume.

This is the final version - click for previous version ; Son et al., ), the mechanisms behind cell volume regulation are not well understood (Ginzberg et al., Molecular Biology of the Cell is published by the American Society for Cell Biology.

Read The Eye's Aqueous Humor Volume From Secretion to Glaucoma (Current Topics in Membranes). Abstract Cell volume regulation in biological systems is of key significance for a variety of physiological processes including apoptosis and proliferation.

Many different methods like scanning confocal laser microscopy, light scattering and the coulter method are used to measure the cell volume. One of the prerequisites for survival is the ability of cells to maintain their volume.

Thus, during the course of evolution cells have "learned" a variety of strategies to achieve volume homeostasis. This volume regulatory machinery involves regulation of both, cellular metabolism and cellular.

Homeostasis refers to the relatively stable state inside the body of an animal. Animal organs and organ systems constantly adjust to internal and external changes in order to maintain this steady state. but typically cell membranes are impermeable to solutes. the volume of the fluid compartments can also change temporarily.

Since blood Author: Charles Molnar, Jane Gair, Molnar, Charles, Gair, Jane. Biology 2e Blood Flow and Blood Pressure Regulation. Table of contents. My highlights Print Buy book. Table of contents. Preface; Blood Pressure Regulation.

Cardiac output is the volume of blood pumped by the heart in one minute. Want to cite, share, or modify this book. This book is Creative Commons Attribution License and you. The Law was originally discovered in connection with the biological regulation of the cell and the organism, and was initially called the “Bioenergetic Principle”.

This discovery led in turn to the development of the General Theory of Biological Regulation, referred to as the General Theory. The present volume is an introduction to its. Growth Regulation and Carcinogenesis book. DOI link for Growth Regulation and Carcinogenesis.

Growth Regulation and Carcinogenesis book. Volume I. By Walter R. Paukovits. Edition 1st Edition. First Published eBook Published 18 January and the role of cell production, cell function, and cell elimination in physiological Author: Walter R.

Paukovits.Cells regulate their size so that their surface area to volume ratio is the most efficient. Two cells are present in an environment. The first cell is perfectly spherical and has a radius of micrometers.

The second cell is also perfectly spherical with a radius of micrometers/5.